So much for free thinking … And they think there’s a separation between state and enterprises …
And they aren’t Communists … wt *
KEY POINTS …
-the Moral Education curriculum teaches Chinese children to be politically proud of the Chinese Communist Party
.to be loyal to the ideals of a One-China worldview
.moral education through primary, high school and University
–Hong Kong students do not study Moral Education; cannot join the Young Pioneers, Youth League or the Communist Party
–mainland Chinese students carry with them a moral duty to uphold their national identity
-after study in Western universities for years; unlikely to change their learnt ideological positions
–another phenomenon many expressed sympathy for Chinese government
.even after learning about censored facts and events incl Tiananmen Square massacre
THE Australian university sector enrols 182,555 mainland Chinese and 11,822 HongKongers …
WHY Chinese and Hong Kong students clash in Australia
The Conversation By Christine Cunningham, Clive Barstow and Wei Zhang
29 AUGUST 2019
SBS Photo: A pro-China march has been held at Sydney’s Town Hall.Lin Evlin/SBS News
Guardian Photo: Police detain a man during Friday’s rally at the State Library in Melbourne, where there were clashes between pro-Hong Kong and pro-China demonstrators. Photograph: Erik Anderson/AAP
These clashes are troubling for the Australian university sector, which enrols 182,555 mainland Chinese and 11,822 Hongkongers as international students at various educational institutions.
Our research suggests differences in the curriculum studied by mainland Chinese and Hong Kong students may help to explain the beliefs underpinning the protest movements.
We held in-depth interviews with a random sample of more than a dozen international postgraduate students from mainland China who are studying, or very recently have been, at Western Australian universities.
The interviews took place in late 2018 — before the recent Hong Kong protests.
We asked the participants about their experiences studying in Chinese schools where Moral Education is a compulsory subject.
Lessons in China
*The Moral Education curriculum teaches Chinese children to be politically proud of the Chinese Communist Party and loyal to the ideals of a One-China worldview.
Hong Kong’s super rich demand protests end
Hong Kong’s property tycoons are hurting, the share market is tanking and the tourism sector has taken a beating as the pro-democracy movement continues to strangle the city.
Moral Education is a standalone subject and also embedded within other subjects, such as history and Chinese literacy studies. Moral Education starts being taught in the early years of schooling and continues throughout high school and during undergraduate university studies.
In primary school, all Chinese children are supposed to join the Young Pioneers, a 130-million-strong youth organisation controlled by the Communist Party.
In high school, teachers invite students who achieve highly, academically and morally, to join the Communist Youth League. In university, excellent students are invited to join the Communist Party.
*In contrast, Hong Kong students do not study Moral Education and cannot join the Young Pioneers, Youth League or the Communist Party.
When East meets West
*The interviews suggest that when mainland Chinese students arrive in Western countries for postgraduate studies, they carry with them a moral duty to uphold their national identity. This identity is arguably constructed through the Moral Education lessons.
*The following are translated Mandarin quotes from participants in our study. Each quote comes from a different student, but we have de-identified them to protect their identity. They are talking about their experiences of studying Moral Education in their primary and high school years:
I was taught to love our motherland and love our country. It’s the right thing to do.
We were taught many slogans that were inspirational, positive and patriotic. It taught us to love our country, our family and our society.
In secondary school, Moral Education made us all feel we are part of one China and what the Government is doing is to give us a better life.
*We are also learning from our interviews that even after mainland Chinese students study in Western universities for several years, they are unlikely to change their previously learnt ideological positions.
I think although the Communist Party is a one-party dictatorship, because in a big country like China it is very difficult to apply democracy and maintain the sustainability otherwise it will be too chaotic.
When I was standing under the party flag and sworn in to join our Communist Party it was so exciting. After so many years of ideological and political education, I believe that the Communist Party is the most advanced organisation of our society.
Now, especially when we are living overseas, if you hear the Chinese national anthem it brings me to tears of pride, belonging and identity.
Sympathy for the Communist Party
*Another phenomenon our interviews revealed is that many of our participants expressed strong sympathy towards the Government.
*That holds even after they learn about facts and events that have been censored in China, including the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre.
*I will most likely participate [in] rallies like welcoming President Xi’s visit to Australia because I am … Chinese and I have a sense of belonging and responsibility attached to this Chinese identity. I also will be vocal about protecting China’s sovereignty.
China is a big country with a large population and there are still many people who are not well educated, therefore they are easy to be incited by others. Although the one party is never 100 per cent perfect, it at least proved itself that most people in China have a good life under its leadership.
Isolated in Australia
Over the course of three interviews with each participant in our study, we discovered many Chinese international students felt isolated from Australian friendship circles.
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They expressed concern at the lack of opportunities to truly engage with Australian students during their time living here. Many worry that local Australian students just aren’t interested in them.
Actually I have little knowledge about how Australian society works — aside from the common social norms. I don’t know where I can access such knowledge. Some locals take it for granted that we should have known this, but we really don’t as we grew up in a totally different place.
For me I tend to have the impression that the local students believe we Chinese students are not interested in talking to them, so they would not take the initiative and talk to us either. I suggest that our university can do more about it like organising activities so we could access local friendships.
International education should be a two-way transaction, deep in its engagement and fluid in its ability to change as we change.
But what these interviews show is the strong feelings many students from mainland China have about their country and government, which perhaps explains why they feel anger towards those who protest against that way of life.
The growing trend of these Chinese graduates returning to their homeland for work opportunities also has a bearing on their continuing patriotism and sense of national identity.
Christine Cunningham is senior lecturer in educational leadership, Clive Barstow is Professor of Creative Arts/Executive Dean Arts and Humanities and Wei Zhang is a PhD candidate at Edith Cowan University. This article originally appeared on The Conversation.
PHOTO: There have been confrontations between pro-Hong Kong and pro-China protesters outside Monash University. (Supplied) Article: Hong Kong protests spread across Australia revealing deep divisions in Chinese community
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